Broken bones in kids are extremely common because their bones are not yet fully developed. Additionally, due to the number of physical activities kids tend to perform, children may experience fractures more often than adults. Falls and sports injuries are likely culprits for most cases of broken bones in children, but other incidents can cause broken bones.
Types Of Fractures
Fractures in children are common in the wrists, arms, elbows, and ankles, although any bone in the body can be fractured.
There are several kinds of fractures that your child may be suffering from. Bone fractures fall into two distinct categories: Nondisplaced Fractures and Displaced Fractures.
Nondisplaced Fractures occur when there is a crack in the bone, and the bone does not become entirely displaced from its normal position. These fractures are in the optimal position for healing and are generally treated by immobilizing the bone with a splint, cast, or brace.
Types of nondisplaced fractures include:
- Stress Fractures
- Buckle or Torus Fractures
Displaced Fractures occur when the bone fully breaks and is now out of its normal position or alignment. These types of fractures require the bone to be set back into place and then heal inside a cast or splint to prevent the bone from moving for a set amount of time. Displaced fractures may require surgery, depending on the severity.
Types of displaced fractures include:
- Angulated Fractures (two ends of the bone are angled against one another).
- Translated Fractures (ends of the bone are out of alignment).
- Rotated Fracture (bone has been rotated due to the break).
- Greenstick Fracture (one side of the bone is fractured).
In addition to nondisplaced and displaced fractures, there are several other types of fractures that can occur.
Examples of other fractures include:
- Comminuted Fracture (bone is shattered).
- Compression Fracture (bone has collapsed).
- Growth Plate Fracture
- Closed Fracture (bone is broken, but the surrounding skin is still intact).
- Open Fracture (bone is sticking out of the skin). If your child has an open fracture, take them to the emergency room.
What Are The Symptoms Of Broken Bones In Kids?
Fractures in children can be very painful and difficult to diagnose at home if the fracture is minor. Common symptoms of broken bones in children consist of the following:
- Difficulty maneuvering the limb.
- Redness of bruising of the limb.
- Pain or tenderness in the injured area.
- Swelling of the injured area.
- The injured area looks out of place or deformed.
How Are Broken Bones In Kids Diagnosed?
Medical providers can diagnose your child with a broken bone quickly and easily by ordering x-rays. X-rays can also provide information on what type of break is present and the appropriate treatment plan.
KidsStreet Urgent Care’s extensive urgent care services offer x-rays to diagnose your child with a broken bone. Additionally, we can provide a splint and refer you to an orthopedic office for further treatment if necessary.
For major breaks that penetrate the skin, you should immediately take your child to the emergency room. These types of breaks may require the bone to be set or surgery to assist the healing process.
What Are The Treatment Options?
Treatment of broken bones in kids depends on the type of fracture that your child has obtained. Common treatment options for broken bones include:
- Wearing a splint or brace to reduce movement.
- Getting a cast to reduce movement.
- Reduction (setting of the bone).
- Surgery (in severe cases).
How To Reduce The Risks Of Broken Bones In Children
Although broken bones may not be totally avoidable in children due to their bones not being fully developed and their increased activity levels, there are a few ways to reduce some of the risks associated with broken bones. The best practices to avoid broken bones in kids are:
- Having a nutrient-rich diet.
- Make sure your child eats plenty of calcium.
- Ensuring your child stays at a healthy weight, as obesity can contribute to the risks of broken bones.
Turn to KidsStreet Urgent Care
KidsStreet Urgent Care wants to get your child healing and feeling better. If you believe your child has a minor bone fracture, please visit one of our locations.
We offer contactless online registration, which allows you to wait in the comfort of your home or vehicle.
We will send you a text notifying you that we are ready for you, and once you receive that text, you will have 30 minutes to arrive at your closest location and check in at the front desk. KidsStreet Urgent Care welcomes walk-ins, but please be aware that registering online reduces in-clinic wait times. Therefore, we highly recommend you register online before coming into the clinic.